Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic condition that develops when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when insulin fails to work properly, which is referred to as insulin resistance. Insulin is the hormone that stimulates cells to uptake glucose from the blood to use for energy.

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Latest Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Effective response to HIV and COVID-19 pandemics requires accelerated research

Effective response to HIV and COVID-19 pandemics requires accelerated research

Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 individuals with blood group AB at highest risk

Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 individuals with blood group AB at highest risk

Parkinson's disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer share the same pathway, shows study

Parkinson's disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer share the same pathway, shows study

Hopkins Medicine endocrinologist publishes first clinical practice review on diabetes management

Hopkins Medicine endocrinologist publishes first clinical practice review on diabetes management

New stem cell therapy shows promise to prevent diabetes-related amputations

New stem cell therapy shows promise to prevent diabetes-related amputations

Expert calls for swift action to avoid chronic health conditions caused by COVID-19

Expert calls for swift action to avoid chronic health conditions caused by COVID-19

HCAs are a promising risk indicator of type 2 diabetes

HCAs are a promising risk indicator of type 2 diabetes

New Phase 1 clinical trial of investigational vaccine against B.1.351 SARS-CoV-2 variant begins

New Phase 1 clinical trial of investigational vaccine against B.1.351 SARS-CoV-2 variant begins

2021 AGS Annual Scientific Meeting goes virtual for the first time

2021 AGS Annual Scientific Meeting goes virtual for the first time

Study reveals how exercise during pregnancy confers metabolic health benefits in offspring

Study reveals how exercise during pregnancy confers metabolic health benefits in offspring

Health care issues during COVID-19 may worsen pregnancy, chronic disease-related inequities

Health care issues during COVID-19 may worsen pregnancy, chronic disease-related inequities

Restricting excessive consumption of added sugars may reduce NAFLD risk in children

Restricting excessive consumption of added sugars may reduce NAFLD risk in children

Diabetes drug appears to exploit vulnerability of AIDS-causing retrovirus HIV

Diabetes drug appears to exploit vulnerability of AIDS-causing retrovirus HIV

Type 2 diabetes drug can successfully reduce symptoms associated with tuberous sclerosis complex

Type 2 diabetes drug can successfully reduce symptoms associated with tuberous sclerosis complex

Physical inactivity associated with the burden of global non-communicable diseases and deaths

Physical inactivity associated with the burden of global non-communicable diseases and deaths

Scientists identify new genetic clues to treat “silent’ stroke

Scientists identify new genetic clues to treat “silent’ stroke

UArizona researcher finds a unique approach to tackle both Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes

UArizona researcher finds a unique approach to tackle both Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes

Study may provide an explanation for dawn phenomenon in patients with type 2 diabetes

Study may provide an explanation for dawn phenomenon in patients with type 2 diabetes

Near-infrared hyperspectral imaging technique can facilitate the diagnosis of fatty liver diseases

Near-infrared hyperspectral imaging technique can facilitate the diagnosis of fatty liver diseases

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and drinks could raise colorectal cancer risk

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and drinks could raise colorectal cancer risk