Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic condition that develops when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when insulin fails to work properly, which is referred to as insulin resistance. Insulin is the hormone that stimulates cells to uptake glucose from the blood to use for energy.

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Latest Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Does hypertension always lead to severe COVID-19?

Does hypertension always lead to severe COVID-19?

Mitochondrial mutation linked to elevated diabetes risk in Japanese men

Mitochondrial mutation linked to elevated diabetes risk in Japanese men

Green Mediterranean diet reduces non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, show randomized trials

Green Mediterranean diet reduces non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, show randomized trials

Study offers new insight into the global obesity epidemic

Study offers new insight into the global obesity epidemic

New review supports stricter control of HbA1C levels among children with type 1 diabetes

New review supports stricter control of HbA1C levels among children with type 1 diabetes

Study to examine if changing mealtimes could reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes

Study to examine if changing mealtimes could reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes

Metformin drug decreases mortality rate in COVID-19 patients with type 2 diabetes

Metformin drug decreases mortality rate in COVID-19 patients with type 2 diabetes

Scientists discover genetic variations that have a drastic impact on small molecules

Scientists discover genetic variations that have a drastic impact on small molecules

Drug found to be safe and effective for treating patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes

Drug found to be safe and effective for treating patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes

Study could help develop new oral drugs for treating muscular dystrophy, heart failure

Study could help develop new oral drugs for treating muscular dystrophy, heart failure

Study uncovers strong links between a person's diet, gut microbes and health

Study uncovers strong links between a person's diet, gut microbes and health

New type of flour improved the glycemic response of people eating white bread

New type of flour improved the glycemic response of people eating white bread

Researchers develop new statistical method that generates significant genetic insights

Researchers develop new statistical method that generates significant genetic insights

IU research findings could prevent common complication of blood stem cell transplantation in leukemia

IU research findings could prevent common complication of blood stem cell transplantation in leukemia

Migration from high sunlight to low sunlight regions is linked to vitamin D deficiency

Migration from high sunlight to low sunlight regions is linked to vitamin D deficiency

Sweetened beverage sales bounced back following the repeal of Cook County tax

Sweetened beverage sales bounced back following the repeal of Cook County tax

Routine eye imaging may provide clues to cognitive disorders in older people with type 1 diabetes

Routine eye imaging may provide clues to cognitive disorders in older people with type 1 diabetes

Few organisms in the gut microbiome found to play a key role in type 2 diabetes

Few organisms in the gut microbiome found to play a key role in type 2 diabetes

Six clearly distinguishable subtypes of prediabetes identified

Six clearly distinguishable subtypes of prediabetes identified

People with detectable brown fat less likely to suffer cardiac and metabolic conditions

People with detectable brown fat less likely to suffer cardiac and metabolic conditions