Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset or noninsulindependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. People can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. This form of diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, however, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals. People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common metabolic condition that develops when the body fails to produce enough insulin or when insulin fails to work properly, which is referred to as insulin resistance. Insulin is the hormone that stimulates cells to uptake glucose from the blood to use for energy.

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Latest Type 2 Diabetes News and Research

Research reveals how genetic differences in body fat affect men and women's health risks

Research reveals how genetic differences in body fat affect men and women's health risks

Newer Type 2 diabetes medications could reduce kidney, heart disease risks

Newer Type 2 diabetes medications could reduce kidney, heart disease risks

WHO plans to increase access to affordable, quality-assured testing and treatment for diabetes

WHO plans to increase access to affordable, quality-assured testing and treatment for diabetes

Study examines the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on health care disparities

Study examines the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on health care disparities

Study assesses cardiovascular and renal outcomes for ertugliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes

Study assesses cardiovascular and renal outcomes for ertugliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes

Study: 5 to 10% of surgically induced weight loss linked with cardiovascular benefits

Study: 5 to 10% of surgically induced weight loss linked with cardiovascular benefits

Drugs used to treat HIV and hepatitis B could be repurposed to prevent type 2 diabetes

Drugs used to treat HIV and hepatitis B could be repurposed to prevent type 2 diabetes

Diabetes leads to drastic reduction in the kidney's potential to clean itself

Diabetes leads to drastic reduction in the kidney's potential to clean itself

Making sense of blood glucose data to better optimize self-management of diabetes

Making sense of blood glucose data to better optimize self-management of diabetes

Early bedtime helps people with diabetes lead a healthy, active lifestyle

Early bedtime helps people with diabetes lead a healthy, active lifestyle

Genomic adaptations to rice‐based diets contribute to mitigation of metabolic risk

Genomic adaptations to rice‐based diets contribute to mitigation of metabolic risk

Type 1 diabetes is associated with increased risk of falls

Type 1 diabetes is associated with increased risk of falls

Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with increased risk of developing diabetes

Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with increased risk of developing diabetes

Study: Greater exercise capacity is linked to decreased mortality risk in people with type 2 diabetes

Study: Greater exercise capacity is linked to decreased mortality risk in people with type 2 diabetes

New study identifies more than 2,000 undiagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes

New study identifies more than 2,000 undiagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes

Researchers assess similarity of couples in pathophysiological mechanisms of type 2 diabetes

Researchers assess similarity of couples in pathophysiological mechanisms of type 2 diabetes

Researchers identify biomarkers that predict patient’s response to metformin treatment

Researchers identify biomarkers that predict patient’s response to metformin treatment

Glucagon resistance: A new biological concept in the fight against diabetes

Glucagon resistance: A new biological concept in the fight against diabetes

CNIC researchers uncover a mechanism explaining how macrophages regulate obesity

CNIC researchers uncover a mechanism explaining how macrophages regulate obesity

LOX-1-immature neutrophils may help identify COVID-19 patients at risk of thrombosis complication

LOX-1-immature neutrophils may help identify COVID-19 patients at risk of thrombosis complication